Sala Seminari (Dip. Matematica)
In this talk I’ll describe the problem of filling submanifolds with topological or holomorphic disks. The case of geodesics on compact Riemannian surfaces with nonpositive scalar curvature will be treated. I will prove non existence of such disk filling, using several different tecniques. Two possible generalizations in higher dimension will be shown:
– the product of geodesics on the product of compact Riemannian surfaces with nonpositive scalar curvature does not admit a holomorphic disk filling;
We present our recent extension of Allard’s celebrated rectifiability theorem to the setting of varifolds with locally bounded first variation with respect to an anisotropic integrand. In partic- ular, we identify a necessary and sufficient condition on the integrand to obtain the rectifiability of every d-dimensional varifold with locally bounded first variation and positive d-dimensional density. In codimension one, this condition is shown to be equivalent to the strict convexity of the integrand with respect to the tangent plane.
The classification of smooth four manifolds up to diffeomorphism is one of nightmares of a Topologist: it’s known to be impossible (it would solve the Word Problem) in full generality, but for certain classes of fundamental groups there are important results mainly due to Freedman. If we allow more relaxed notions of classification then much more can be said and computed.
The problems of conjugacy rigidity and of entropy rigidity have a long history, with major breakthroughs in the last twenty years, for negatively curved compact manifolds and symmetric spaces. On the other hand, little is known for finite volume manifolds. I will survey the state of the art of these problems, and explain what can be generalized to finite volume manifolds, pointing out the main difficulties that arise in the non-compact case.
Kazhdan's property (T) is a strong negation of amenability, relevant in the study of algebraic properties of groups, in the construction of expander graphs, in dynamics and in connection to the Baum-Connes conjectures. Various strengthened versions of property (T) have been formulated in recent years.